288th Years Foundation Anniversary of the Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer Feast of the Dedication of the Lateran Basilica in Rome Mass Presider: Rev. Although it has been reconstructed and added to following fires and periods of decline over the centuries, it remains a beautiful baroque style Church befitting of its status. It was Jesus’ fervent prayer that his disciples be one (Jn 17:21). Feast of the Dedication of the Lateran Basilica – John 2: 13-22 Today the Church celebrates the feast of the Dedication of the Lateran Basilica in Rome, the oldest and highest ranking of the four major basilicas in Rome. It is named Lateran in honor of the family which originally owned the property. The basis of our unity is Jesus and our common Baptism. St. John Lateran, Baptistery. It was Jesus’ fervent prayer that his disciples be one (Jn 17:21). The last of these, Pope Leo XIII, was the last pope not to be entombed in Saint Peter's Basilica. We are more accustomed to commemorate the dedication of our own parish, the anniversary of the inauguration of the temple, dates that do not always coincide. The Cathedral of the Most Holy Savior and of Saints John the Baptist and the Evangelist in the Lateran (Italian: Santissimo Salvatore e Santi Giovanni Battista ed Evangelista in Laterano), also known as the Papal Archbasilica of Saint John [in] Lateran, Saint John Lateran, or the Lateran Basilica, is the cathedral church of the Diocese of Rome in the city of Rome, and serves as the seat of the Roman Pontiff. The magnificent building stands on land that was given to the bishops of Rome by the Emperor Constantine. When Gregory the Great sent the Gregorian mission to England under Augustine of Canterbury, some original churches in Canterbury took the Roman plan as a model, dedicating a church both to Christ as well as one to Saint Paul, outside the walls of the city. [1] It houses the cathedra of the Roman bishop,[2][3] and has the title of ecumenical mother church of the Roman Catholic faithful. In the General Roman Calendar of the Catholic Church, 9 November is the feast of the Dedication of the (Arch)Basilica of the Lateran (Dedicatio Basilicae Lateranensis), and is referred to in older texts as the "Dedication of the Basilica of the Most Holy Savior". A member of this family, P. Sextius Lateranus, was the first plebian to attain the rank of consul. Today’s Gospel passage shows us God’s passion for His temple, and His passion for the sacrifice offered there. posted on June 6, 2020 June 6, 2020; Fr. 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The Dedication of the Lateran Basilica in Rome Ezekiel 47:1-2,8-9,12 + 1 Corinthians 3:9-11,16-17 + John 2:13-22 November 9, 2020 … you are the temple of God …. Pope Sylvester I presided over the official dedication of the archbasilica and the adjacent Lateran Palace in 324, changing the name from "Domus Fausta" to "Domus Dei" ("House of God") with a dedication to Christ the Savior ("Christo Salvatori"). The Basilica is dedicated to St. John the Baptist and St. John the Evangelist. [14][15], Pope Boniface VIII instituted the office of Archpriest of the Archbasilica circa 1299. CatholicTV Mass. It is the oldest and highest ranking of the four major basilicas in Rome, the three others being the Basilica of St Peter, the Basilica of St Paul Outside the Walls and the Basilica of St Mary Major. In the time of Nero, a member of the family, Plautius Lateranus, was accused of conspiracy against the emperor, and his goods were confiscated. Tommy Lane. In ancient times, the land where it stands was occupied by the palace of the family of the Laterani. The Daughters of Charity of Saint Vincent de Paul and the sixty orphan refugees they cared for were ordered to leave their convent on the Via Carlo Emanuele. The first basilica on the site was built in the fourth century when the Roman Emperor Constantine donated land he had received from the wealthy Lateran family. In the confessional, priests often hear people confess anger. The cloister of the attached monastery, with a cosmatesque decoration. Seven years later I made my First Communion at Our Lady of Good Counsel, and a few years after that I was confirmed at this Church. Sextius Lateranus was the first plebeian to attain the rank of consul, and the Laterani served as administrators for several emperors. The large Latin inscription on the façade reads: Clemens XII Pont Max Anno V Christo Salvatori In Hon SS Ioan Bapt et Evang. … Their translation from Jerusalem to the Lateran Palace in the 4th century is credited to Saint Empress Helena, the mother of the then-Emperor Constantine I. The twelve niches created in Francesco Borromini's architecture were left vacant for decades. This feast became a universal celebration in honor of the basilica called “the mother and mistress of all churches of Rome and the world” as a sign of love for and union with the See of Peter. Why celebrate the Dedication of the Lateran Basilica in our liturgy today, November 9th? On the façade of the basilica there is an inscription in Latin which reads, “the mother and mistress of all churches of Rome and the world.” The porticoes were frescoed, probably not earlier than the 12th century, commemorating the Roman fleet under Vespasian, the taking of Jerusalem, the Baptism of Emperor Constantine I and his "Donation" of the Papal States to the Catholic Church. There are many churches throughout the world, but all are one body in Christ, individually parts of one another (Rom 12:5), all united under the symbolic headship of St. John Lateran. It is the oldest public church in the city of Rome, and the oldest basilica of the Western world. On the façade of the Basilica of St John Lateran is a Latin inscription that identifies it as “Mother and Head of all Churches in Rome and the World”. There are many churches throughout the world, but all are one body in Christ, individually parts of one another (Rom 12:5), all united under the symbolic headship of St. John Lateran. St John Lateran Basilica is the Cathedral of the Bishop of Rome, the Pope, and ranks above all other Catholic Churches including St Peter’s Basilica. The archbasilica and Lateran Palace were re-dedicated twice. The original Lateran Palace was demolished and replaced with a new edifice. Because the Lateran Basilica, the "mother of churches", the first large Christian church building, changed with way Christians came together. It is the Pope’s Cathedral, insofar as he is Bishop of Rome, and it is the oldest Basilica in the Western world. The Basilica of St. John Lateran, Mother of all Churches. In the fourth century A.D., Constantine, who was the first Christian Emperor, built a chapel on land that was given to his wife. The devotion of visiting these oratories, which was maintained through the Mediaeval Ages, gave rise to the similar devotion of the seven altars, still common in many churches of Rome and elsewhere. It was the time of the end of the persecutions, which until then, amidst ups and downs, had forced Christians to gather mostly in private houses for the celebration of the Eucharist. Remarkably, “Their leaves will not … As the Cathedral of the Pope as Bishop of Rome, it ranks superior to all other churches of the Roman Catholic Church, including Saint Peter's Basilica. The Lateran Basilica represents the unity of the universal Church. Pope Leo I restored it around AD 460, and it was again restored by Pope Hadrian. But when the Emperor Constantine converted to Christianity, the followers of Jesus no longer feared persecution. November 9. We are all family. The twelve niches created by his architectural scheme were eventually filled in 1718 with statues of the Apostles, sculpted by the most prominent Roman Rococo sculptors. Some few remains of the original buildings may still be traced in the city walls outside the Gate of Saint John, and a large wall decorated with paintings was uncovered in the 18th century within the archbasilica behind the Lancellotti Chapel. [b] Each statue was to be sponsored by an illustrious prince with the Pope himself sponsoring that of Saint Peter and Cardinal Pamphili that of Saint John the Evangelist. Through our Lord Jesus Christ, your Son, who lives and reigns with you in the unity of the Holy Spirit, one God, for ever and ever. 12/17/2020 . The popes resided at the Basilica di Santa Maria in Trastevere and later at the Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore. It is outside Vatican City, which is approximately 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) to its northwest, although the archbasilica and its adjoining edifices have extraterritorial status from Italy as one of the properties of the Holy See, pursuant to the Lateran Treaty of 1929. Probably at this time the archbasilica was enlarged. The graceful ciborium over the high altar, which looks out of place in its present surroundings, dates from 1369. In ancient times, the land where it stands was occupied by the palace of the family of the Laterani. Today we celebrate the dedication of the ancient St. John Lateran Basilica, one of the most important Christian basilicas in Rome. Dedication of St. John Lateran Basilica. The façade as it appears today was completed in 1735. The stercoraria, or throne of red marble on which the Popes sat, is now in the Vatican Museums. The Scala Sancta, or Holy Stairs, are white marble steps encased in wooden ones. In the fourth century A.D., Constantine, who was the first Christian Emperor, built a chapel on land that was given to his wife. Nduka Oparah. St John Lateran Basilica is the Cathedral of the Bishop of Rome, the Pope, and ranks above all other Catholic Churches including St Peter’s Basilica. Interior picture of the Apse in the Archbasilica of Saint John Lateran containing the Papal/Pontifical seat. With the freedom of worship, church after church sprang up. Feast of the Dedication of the Lateran Basilica in Rome Today we celebrate the dedication of the ancient St. John Lateran Basilica, one of the most important Christian basilicas in Rome. In view of its role as the mother church of the world… The consecration of the Lateran Basilica in the 4th Century came at a crucial historical stage for Christianity, marked by the edicts of 311 and 313. The Emperor Constantine built the church after coming to power early in the 4th century. The damage was so extensive that it was difficult to trace the lines of the old building, but these were mostly respected and the new building was of the same dimensions as the old. That structure and its successors suffered fire, earthquake and the ravages of war, but the Lateran remained the church … [5] The inscription indicates, with its full title (see below), that the archbasilica was originally dedicated to Christ the Savior and, centuries later, co-dedicated to Saint John the Baptist and Saint John the Evangelist. St. John Lateran, Baptistery. Libor; FEAST DAY. Daily Mass Readings for November 9 2021, Feast of the Dedication of the Lateran Basilica in Rome . O God, who from living and chosen stones prepare an eternal dwelling for your majesty, increase in your Church the spirit of grace you have bestowed, so that by new growth your faithful people may build up the heavenly Jerusalem. In one of the rebuildings, probably that which was carried out by Pope Clement V, a transverse nave was introduced, imitated no doubt from the one which had been added, long before this, to the Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls. It marks the dedication of the cathedral church of Rome by Pope Sylvester I in 324. This translates as "Pope Clement XII, Pontifex Maximus, in the fifth year of his reign, dedicated this building to Christ the Savior, in honor of Saints John the Baptist and John the Evangelist". A selection of hymns and songs, based on themes from the Roman Catholic lectionary for the feast of the Dedication of the Lateran Basilica (9 November 2014) - and the general themes associated with the dedication of a church. The octagonal Lateran baptistery stands somewhat apart from the archbasilica. The archbasilica stands over the remains of the Castra Nova equitum singularium, the "New Fort of the Roman imperial cavalry bodyguards". At some time it broke and was buried under the Circus. The Church was built by emperor Constantine on the property that used to belong to a wealthy Roman family called Lateran, which donated it to the Church. It is the only church in … Christ dwells in us. [5] Galilei's façade removed all vestiges of traditional, ancient, basilical architecture and imparted a neo-classical facade. Our Lady of Częstochowa depicted in the archbasilica. Every pope, beginning with Pope Miltiades, occupied the Lateran Palace until the reign of the French Pope Clement V, who in 1309 transferred the seat of the Papacy to Avignon, a Papal fiefdom that was an enclave in France. In the twelfth century the canons of the Lateran claimed that the high altar housed the Ark of the Covenant and several holy objects from Jerusalem. Most of the sculptors were given a sketch drawn by Pope Clement's favorite painter, Carlo Maratta, to which they were to adhere, but with the notable exception being Pierre Le Gros the Younger, who successfully refused to sculpt to Maratta's design and consequently was not given a sketch.[12]. It was consecrated by Pope Sylvester I. It is the oldest and highest ranking of the four major basilicas in Rome, the three others being the Basilica of St Peter, the Basilica of St Paul Outside the Walls and the Basilica of St Mary Major. One of the Laterani, Consul-designate Plautius Lateranus, became famous for being accused by Nero of conspiracy against the Emperor. The baptistery was for many generations the only baptistery in Rome, and its octagonal structure, centered upon the large basin for full immersions, provided a model for others throughout Italy, and even an iconic motif of illuminated manuscripts known as "the fountain of life". The accusation resulted in the confiscation and redistribution of his properties. Today we celebrate the Feast of the Dedication of the Lateran (arch)Basilica in Rome, referred to in older texts as the 'Dedication of the Basilica of the Most Holy Saviour'. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. It is natural that in such celebrations our interest goes blurred as we move away from the nearestambient. The remains of these charred tombs were gathered and reburied in a polyandrion. This Sunday we celebrate the dedication of the Basilica of Saint John Lateran, the oldest church in Rome. In 897, it was almost totally destroyed by an earthquake: ab altari usque ad portas cecidit ("it collapsed from the altar to the doors"). During the time the papacy was seated in Avignon, France, the Lateran Palace and the archbasilica deteriorated. The façade had three windows and was embellished with a mosaic representing Christ as the Savior of the world. The trees grow and produce fruits for food as well as leaves for medicine. This feast of the dedication of the Lateran Basilica is a feast that celebrates unity and the diversity of the whole people of God - the young and old, men and women, the ordained and the lay, the rich and the poor, black and white, urban, suburban and rural, Latino and all other cultures, gay and heterosexual, into one people of God. The Lateran Palace has also been the site of five ecumenical councils (see Lateran Councils). It was built in the time of Constantine and was consecrated by Pope Sylvester in 324. By bringing the central bay forward very slightly, and capping it with a pediment that breaks into the roof balustrade, Galilei provided an entrance doorway on a more than colossal scale, framed in the paired colossal Corinthian pilasters that tie together the façade in the manner introduced at Michelangelo's palace on the Campidoglio. The feast of the Dedication of the Basilica of St. John Lateran is celebrated by the entire Church. Thursday Night Prayer. Galilei's front, which is a screen across the older front creating a narthex or vestibule, does express the nave and double aisles of the archbasilica, which required a central bay wider than the rest of the sequence. As the pope is our universal pastor, the Lateran is our universal church. The Dedication of the Lateran Basilica in Rome Ezekiel 47:1-2,8-9,12 + 1 Corinthians 3:9-11,16-17 + John 2:13-22 November 9, 2020 … you are the temple of God …. Pope John X was the first pope buried within the walls of Rome, and was granted a prominent burial due to rumors that he was murdered by Theodora during a historical period known as the saeculum obscurum. The Lateran Palace fell into the hands of the Emperor when Constantine I married his second wife Fausta, sister of Maxentius. Feast of the Dedication of the Lateran Basilica in Rome “I have chosen and consecrated this house, says the Lord, that my name may be there forever.”+ 2 Chronicles 7:16 The Archbasilica of St. John Lateran is the oldest and most important of the four Major Papal Basilicas in … The Sisters of Maria Bambina, who staffed the kitchen at the Pontifical Major Roman Seminary at the Lateran offered a wing of their convent. The Holy Spirit is the divine stream whose runlets gladden the city of God, the holy dwelling of the Most High. Libor; FEAST DAY. When a cathedra became a symbol of episcopal authority, the papal cathedra was placed in its interior, rendering it the cathedral of the Pope as Bishop of Rome. It is the dedication of the Lateran Basilica, the cathedral of the Bishop ofRome. ez 47:1-2, 8-9, 12. The Lateran Obelisk in its third location, in front of the Lateran Palace. In view of its role as the mother church of the world, this liturgical day is ranked worldwide as a feast. The angel brought me back to the entrance of the temple, and I saw water flowing out from beneath the threshold of the temple toward the east, for the façade of the temple was toward the east; the water flowed down from the southern side of the temple, south of the altar. A great many donations from the popes and other benefactors to the basilica are recorded in the "Liber Pontificalis", and its splendour at an early period was such that it became known as the "Basilica Aurea", or Golden Church. You remember that Constantine was the Emperor who freed the Church and took her out of the Catacombs. 6 min read. Dedication of the Lateran Basilica in Rome. A selection of hymns and songs, based on themes from the Roman Catholic lectionary for the feast of the Dedication of the Lateran Basilica (9 November 2014) - and the general themes associated with the dedication of a church. We celebrate today the Dedication of the Basilica of St. John Lateran in Rome because it is the head and mother church of all churches in the world. Throughout the centuries, that chapel has been destroyed, rebuilt, expanded, and […] The Dedication of the Lateran Basilica. In 1589, Pope Sixtus V relocated the steps to their present location in front of the ancient palatine chapel named the Sancta Sanctorum. A member of this family, P. Sextius Lateranus, was the first plebian to attain the rank of consul. [4] The President of the French Republic, currently Emmanuel Macron, is ex officio the "First and Only Honorary Canon" of the archbasilica, a title that the heads of state of France have possessed since King Henry IV. Twelve additional papal tombs were constructed in the archbasilica starting in the 10th century, but were destroyed during the two fires that ravaged it in 1308 and 1361. This later dedication to St. John has now in popular usage altogether superseded the original one. A great many donations from the Popes and other benefactors to the archbasilica are recorded in the Liber Pontificalis, and its splendor at an early period was such that it became known as the "Basilica Aurea", or "Golden Basilica". Archibasilica Sanctissimi Salvatoris ac Sancti Ioannis Baptistae et Ioannis Evangelistae ad Lateranum , the official Latin title of the Church (Archbasilica of the Most Holy Savior and Saints John the Baptist and John the Evangelist at the Lateran) was originally built as the Lateran Palace, a palace built on top of th It is the dedication of the Lateran Basilica, the cathedral of the Bishop ofRome. In a sense, as the Pope’s cathedral, it symbolizes all existing churches in the world today. The site was, in ancient times, occupied by the palace of the family of the Laterani. Although it has been reconstructed and added to following fires and periods of decline over the centuries, it remains a beautiful baroque style Church befitting of its status. These before long were incorporated into the church. Pope Sergius III dedicated them to Saint John the Baptist in the 10th century in honor of the newly consecrated baptistry of the archbasilica. A venerable church is the seat of the Bishop of Rome and the mother of all churches. November 9 – Feast Liturgical Color: White. Basilica of Saint John Lateran (UNSPLASH / MANILA BULLETIN) In the eighth chapter of his Confessions, Saint Augustine relates the story of an old and learned Roman philosopher named Victorinus. However, Christ dwells not in brick and mortar, but in those who have been baptized into his body, the church. The Basilica is dedicated to St. John the Baptist and St. John the Evangelist. The Lateran Basilica represents the unity of the universal Church. Apse depicting mosaics from the Triclinium of Pope Leo III in the ancient Lateran Palace. Feast of the Dedication of the Lateran Basilica in Rome Lectionary: 671. Eventually, the Palace of the Vatican was built adjacent to the Basilica of Saint Peter, which existed since the time of Emperor Constantine I, and the popes began to reside there. Dedication of the Lateran Basilica (Feast) 1st Reading: Ezekiel (47:1-2, 8-10, 12) Ezekiel sees life-giving river flows out from the Jerusalem temple, to bring new life to the desert. November 9 commemorates the day of the dedication of the Basilica of the Most Holy Savior, called the mother and seat of all the churches, the Lateran Church. Consequently, the archbasilica remains dedicated to the Savior, and its titular feast is the Feast of the Transfiguration. Required fields are marked *. Following the victory of Emperor Constantine the Great over Maxentius (for whom the Equites singulares augusti, the emperor's mounted bodyguards had fought) at the Battle of the Milvian Bridge, the guard was abolished and the fort demolished. The magnificent building stands on land that was given to the bishops of Rome by the Emperor Constantine. More than 23 architects competed, mostly working in the then-current Baroque idiom. The vision of Pope Clement XII for reconstruction was an ambitious one in which he launched a competition to design a new façade. The archbasilica is sited in the City of Rome. The popes whose tombs were destroyed are: Pope John X (914–928), Pope Agapetus II (946–955), Pope John XII (955–964), Pope Paschal II (1099–1118), Pope Callixtus II (1119–1124), Pope Honorius II (1124–1130), Pope Celestine II (1143–1144), Pope Lucius II (1144–1145), Pope Anastasius IV (1153–1154), Pope Clement III (1187–1191), Pope Celestine III (1191–1198), and Pope Innocent V (1276). Mass celebrated by the Emperor Constantine converted to Christianity, the cathedral of the Basilica di Santa Maria in and! 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