At a time when the Buchanan administration was falling "in prestige and political consequence, the star of the Vice President rises higher above the clouds." Going to the White House, he served as a broker between Douglas and President Franklin Pierce, persuading the president to support the bill. He was then placed in command of troops in southwestern Virginia. Nicknamed “His Accidency,” Tyler was the first ...read more, John Bell Hood was a U.S. military officer who served as a Confederate general during the Civil War (1861-65). Senator from Kentucky and the Vice President of the United States. But Forney thought that Breckinridge "was too interesting a character to be neglected by the able ultras of the South. The Confederate general John B. Gordon later recalled that Breckinridge was "desperately reckless" during that campaign, and "literally seemed to court death." Serving in the U.S. Senate at the outbreak of the Civil War, he was expelled after joining the Confederate Army. Baker had raised and was training a militia unit known as the California Regiment. He represented Kentucky in both houses of Congress and became the 14th and youngest-ever vice president of the United States, serving from 1857 to 1861. Breckinridge practiced law in Iowa and Kentucky after leaving school, and in 1843 he married Mary Cyrene Burch. Breckinridge seemed out of place in the wartime capital, after so many of his southern friends had left. Continuing on with our examination of the platforms of the political parties in the 1860 election, we come to the platform of the Democrats who refused to support Douglas and nominated Vice-President of the United States John C. Breckinridge for President. An Illustrious Political Family. In 1851, Breckinridge shocked the Whig party by winning the congressional race in Clay's home district, a victory that also brought him to the attention of national Democratic leaders. Democratic Party Platform (Breckinridge Faction) of 1860. When Cutting refused, Breckinridge interpreted this as a challenge to a duel. When General Robert E. Lee surrendered his army, President Davis was determined to keep on fighting, but Breckinridge opposed continuing the war as a guerilla campaign. Recalling the way Andrew Jackson had dealt with his opponents, Buchanan said, "Mr. Douglas, I desire you to remember that no Democrat ever yet differed from an Administration of his choice without being crushed." During the battle his unit spearheaded attacks on the Union left flank and sustained roughly 30 percent casualties. In the four-way race, he placed third in the popular vote and second in electoral votes. When the two next encountered each other in the House, Breckinridge looked his adversary in the eye and said: "Cutting, give me a chew of tobacco!" When Douglas withdrew as a gesture toward party unity, the nomination went to Buchanan. Breckinridge got so close to Washington that he could see the newly completed Capitol dome, and General Early joked that he would allow him to lead the advance into the city so that he could sit in the vice-presidential chair again. Abraham Lincoln, while visiting his wife's family in Lexington, paid courtesy calls on the city's lawyers. John C. Breckenridge. Viewing Breckinridge as part of the Pierce-Douglas faction, Buchanan almost never consulted him, and rarely invited him to the White House for either political or social gatherings. He was a member of the Democratic party. Questions about Senate History? Upper left: Southern Democrat John C. Breckinridge arm in arm with retiring president James Buchanan, who was nicknamed “the Buck.” Viewed as a traitor in the North, Breckinridge travelled to Virginia and offered his services to the Confederacy. How Breckinridge could have known this, they did not explain. For Vice-President, Joseph Lane, of Oregon. To which Douglas replied, "Mr. President, I wish you to remember that General Jackson is dead." Title For President, John C. Breckinridge, of Kentucky. His grandfather had served in the U.S. Senate and as attorney general under President Thomas Jefferson, and his father was a prominent lawyer and state politician. When the Democratic Party split over the issue in the summer of 1860, Breckinridge emerged as the presidential nominee of the pro-slavery Southern Democrats. 14th Vice President Political Party Democratic Term March 4, 1857 - March 4, 1861 (36-40) President James Buchanan Predecessor William R.D. Historian James C. Klotter has speculated that, had John C. Breckinridge's father, Cabell, lived, he would have steered his son to the Whig Party and the Union, rather than the Democratic Party and the Confederacy, but the Kentucky Secretary of State and former Speaker of the Kentucky House of Representatives died of a fever on September 1, 1823, months before his son's third birthday. In 1986, he began his long tenure as the U.S. ...read more, George C. Marshall (1880-1959) was one of the most decorated military leaders in American history. Privately, he told Mrs. Jefferson Davis, "I trust that I have the courage to lead a forlorn hope." The family also believed strongly in education, since Breckinridge's maternal grandfather, Samuel Stanhope Smith, had served as president of the College of New Jersey at Princeton, and his uncle Robert J. Breckinridge started Kentucky's public school system. In that election, as in all his campaigns, he demonstrated both an exceptional ability as a stump speaker and a politician's memory for names and faces. John C. Breckinridge, in full John Cabell Breckinridge, (born January 21, 1821, near Lexington, Kentucky, U.S.—died May 17, 1875, Lexington), 14th vice president of the United States (1857–61), unsuccessful presidential candidate of Southern Democrats (November 1860), and Confederate officer during the American Civil War (1861–65).. The father, Joseph Cabell Breckinridge, a rising young politician, died at the state capital at the age of thirty-five. People noted that his uncle, Robert Breckinridge, was a prominent antislavery man, and that as a state legislator Breckinridge had aided the Kentucky Colonization Society (a branch of the American Colonization Society), dedicated to gradual emancipation and the resettlement of free blacks outside the United States. The couple would later have five children. Unlike many anti-slavery activists, he was not a pacifist and believed in aggressive action against slaveholders and any government officials who enabled them. The story of John C. Breckinridge is amongst the most tragic stories in American history. As James Buchanan’s vice president, John C. Breckinridge had a front row seat to witness the nation’s growing political division over the expansion of slavery. Date:1860. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Also a military man, he served as a Confederate general during the Civil War, between 1861 and 1865. Since Breckinridge defended both the Union and slavery, people viewed him as a moderate. He spoke at a number of peace rallies, proclaiming that, if Kentucky took up arms against the Confederacy, then someone else must represent the state in the Senate. The Kentucky delegation nominated former House Speaker Linn Boyd for vice president. A poor winner, Buchanan distrusted his rivals for the nomination and refused to invite Stephen Douglas to join his cabinet or to take seriously Douglas' patronage requests. Usage Policy   |   Following the election, Breckinridge returned to Washington to preside over the Senate, hoping to persuade southerners to abandon secession. He declined all initial attempts to convince him to seek political positions including clerk of Scott of County and Eighth Districts congressional seat in 1845. John Cabell Breckinridge was born in Lexington, Kentucky, on January 16, 1821. Gaining the floor, Breckinridge declined to run against his delegation's nominee, but his speech deeply impressed the convention. Although he remained silent about the upcoming presidential campaign, many Democrats considered him a strong contender. They thought Breckinridge would appease Douglas, since the two men had been closely identified through their work on the Kansas-Nebraska Act. Named chief of staff when World ...read more, John Tyler (1790-1862) served as America’s 10th president from 1841 to 1845. Are they not intended for disorganization in our very midst?" He received no answer. The New Yorker objected that he had never handled a western rifle and that as the challenged party he should pick the weapons. An entrepreneur who ran ...read more. John C. Breckinridge (1821-1875) was a politician who served as the 14th vice president of the United States and as a Confederate general during the Civil War (1861-65). Later that year, Linn Boyd died while campaigning for the Senate, and Kentucky Democrats nominated Breckinridge for the seat, which would become vacant at the time Breckinridge's term as vice president ended. His meteoric rise continued in 1856, when he was elected the 14th vice president of the United States alongside President James Buchanan. Many in Washington doubted that he planned to offer much support to the Union or the war effort. Indicted by the Federal government for high treason, Breckinridge led a small party of Confederates int… In Canada he met other Confederate exiles, including the freed Jefferson Davis. He could no longer find any neutral ground to stand upon, no way to endorse both the Union and the southern way of life. Once it became clear that neither party considered himself the challenger, they gained a face-saving means of withdrawing from the "code of honor" without fighting the duel. During those years, he observed, the Constitution had "survived peace and war, prosperity and adversity" to protect "the larger personal freedom compatible with public order." A graduate of the Virginia Military Institute, he was a World War I staff officer and later became assistant commandant at the U.S. Infantry School. Breckinridge attended Centre College in Kentucky before studying law at Princeton. Breckinridge was a Jacksonian Democrat in a state that Senator Henry Clay had made a Whig bastion. Breckinridge was proud that Kentucky voted for a Democratic presidential ticket for the first time since 1828. He became increasingly convinced that the South's cause was lost and, as the end of the war drew near, he met with Union general William T. Sherman to discuss surrender terms. The Illinois senator pointed out that, while not all of Breckinridge's followers were secessionists, every secessionist was supporting him. Breckinridge counseled against secession. Breckinridge spent most of the campaign in Kentucky, but he gave speeches in Ohio, Indiana, and Michigan, defending the Kansas-Nebraska Act. But Douglas objected that the Lecompton Constitution made a mockery out of popular sovereignty and warned that he would fight it as a fraud. When Oregon entered the Union in 1859, he was chosen one of its first senators. Walking two-by-two behind him were the political and military leaders of what would soon become the Union and the Confederacy. Land speculation in the West helped him accumulate a considerable amount of money during his absence from politics. He died in 1875 at the age of 54. He joined the Confederacy at the start of the Civil War and served as a brigade commander at the Battle of Shiloh. Start your free trial today. They saw in his winning manners, attractive appearance, and rare talent for public affairs, exactly the elements they needed in their concealed designs against the country." When he returned home on a visit in 1843, he met and soon married Mary Cyrene Burch of Georgetown. The only vice president ever to take up arms against the government of the United States, John Cabell Breckinridge completed four years as vice president under James Buchanan, ran for president as the Southern Democratic candidate in 1860, and then returned to the Senate to lead the remnants of the Democratic party for the first congressional session during the Civil War. All Rights Reserved. For Vice-President, Joseph Lane, of Oregon. Within months of this exchange, Senator Baker was killed while leading his militia at the Battle of Ball's Bluff along the Potomac River, and Senator Breckinridge was wearing the gray uniform of a Confederate officer. After forces in his department won a small battle near Saltville, Virginia, in October 1864, some of Breckinridge’s troops murdered roughly 150 black troops during the Union retreat. When the Democratic party nominated James Buchanan of Pennsylvania for United States president in 1856, John C. Breckinridge of Kentucky was a natural choice for vice-president in order to balance the ticket between North and South. Had the four-way election of 1860 not been decided by the electoral college but been thrown into Congress, the Democratic majority in the outgoing Senate might well have elected him vice president. Breckinridge began his political career in 1849, when he won a seat in the Kentucky House of Representatives. In Congress, Breckinridge became an ally of Illinois Senator Stephen A. Douglas. In Mexico, Major Breckinridge won the support of his troops for his acts of kindness, being known to give up his horse to sick and footsore soldiers. She often regaled the children with stories of their grandfather, the first John Breckinridge, who, in addition to introducing the Kentucky Resolutions that denounced the Alien and Sedition Acts, had helped secure the Louisiana Purchase and had served during the administration of Thomas Jefferson first as a Senate leader and then as attorney general. When another large peace rally was scheduled for September 21, the legislature sent a regiment to break up the meeting and arrest Breckinridge. During its half century in the chamber, the Senate had grown from thirty-two to sixty-four members. Created / Published Despite his efforts, pro-Union forces won the state legislative elections. Breckinridge was elected the 14th vice president of the United States in 1856, and then mounted an unsuccessful presidential bid in 1860. In January, Mississippi Senator Jefferson Davis and other southerners bid a formal farewell to the Senate. Subsequently, the Breckinridge family settled in Toronto, Canada. The only vice president ever to take up arms against the government of the United States, John Cabell Breckinridge completed four years as vice president under James Buchanan, ran for president as the Southern Democratic candidate in 1860, and then returned to the Senate to lead the remnants of the Democratic party for the first congressional session during the Civil War. While he campaigned on a pro-slavery platform—in particular, he demanded federal intervention to protect slaveholders in the territories—he was also vocal in his support of maintaining the Union amid rumblings of Southern secession. In November 1864 he undertook an expedition into Tennessee and won a victory at the Battle of Bull’s Gap. He served in the state legislatures of Virginia and Kentucky before being elected to the U.S. Senate and appointed United States Attorney General during the second term of President Thomas Jefferson. Early in the new administration, when the vice president asked for a private interview with the president, he was told instead to call at the White House some evening and ask to see Buchanan's niece and hostess, Harriet Lane. John C. Breckinridge (1821-1875) was a politician who served as the 14th vice president of the United States and as a Confederate general during the Civil War (1861-65). In 1841 he and his law partner Thomas W. Bullock settled in the Mississippi River town of Burlingame, in the Iowa Territory. Although his supporters promoted him as "the man for the crisis," Buchanan was in fact the worst man for the crisis. "This has been a magnificent epic," he said; "in God's name let it not terminate in farce." Then a Louisiana delegate nominated Breckinridge. The New York native drafted the state’s first constitution in 1777, and was chosen president of the Continental Congress the following year. For Vice-President, Joseph Lane, of Oregon. In 1860 Breckinridge ran for president as part of the Southern faction of the Democratic Party. John Bell By Patrick Eakin In 1860 the Constitutional Union Party nominated John Bell for President of the United States. Email a Senate historian. As a private citizen, he opposed the Wilmot Proviso that would have banned sla… Lower left: Northern Democrat Stephen A. Douglas dancing with an Irishman. Early in 1859 a New York Times correspondent in Washington wrote that "Vice President Breckinridge stands deservedly high in public estimation, and has the character of a man slow to form resolves, but unceasing and inexorable in their fulfillment." Senator from Kentucky and was the 14th Vice President of the United States (1857–1861), to date the youngest vice president in U.S. history, elected at age 35 and inaugurated at age 36.. Contact   |   Fearing capture by the Union Army, Breckinridge fled to Cuba at the end of the Civil War and then proceeded to the United Kingdom and Canada. John C. Breckinridge was James Buchanan's Vice President from 1857 to 1861. A graduate of West Point, Hood joined the Confederacy in 1861 and gained a reputation as a talented field commander during the Peninsula Campaign and the Second Battle ...read more, Elected in 1960 as the 35th president of the United States, 43-year-old John F. Kennedy became one of the youngest U.S. presidents, as well as the first Roman Catholic. Yet, while Breckinridge was no planter or large slaveholder, he owned a few household slaves and idealized the southern way of life. degree and an almost perfect academic record. Although his cousin Mary Todd Lincoln resided in the White House and his home state of Kentucky remained in the Union, Breckinridge chose to volunteer his services to the Confederate army. Only 35 at the time of his election, Breckinridge was the youngest vice president in American history. Once in office, however, the two were unable to fend off the country’s sectional conflict. He served as Vice-President from 1857 to 1861, under President James Buchanan. In 1851 he was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives as a Democrat and served until 1855. Breckinridge strong stance and pro-slavery ideology won him the first term at the Kentucky House of Representatives. Despite Bragg’s accusations, in February 1864 Breckinridge was called to Richmond and charged with heading the Western Department of Virginia, a massive command that included the Shenandoah Valley. "Sir, are they not words of brilliant, polished treason, even in the very Capitol?" A proslavery minority there had sent to Washington a new territorial constitution—known as the Lecompton Constitution. He arrived in Congress shortly after the passage of Clay's Compromise of 1850, which had sought to settle the issue of slavery in the territories. Cutting of New York, almost provoking a duel. He served as Vice-President from 1857 to 1861, under President James Buchanan. Did you know? During the closing months of the war in 1865, Jefferson Davis made Breckinridge his secretary of war. Bragg would later blame Breckinridge for the loss at Chattanooga and even accused him of being drunk during the battle. John Cabell Breckinridge (January 16, 1821 – May 17, 1875) was a lawyer, U.S. Representative, U.S. On January 28, 1865, Breckinridge accepted the post of secretary of war in the Confederate government. President James K. Polk had appointed him territorial governor of Oregon, an office he held from 1849 to 1850 before becoming Oregon's territorial delegate to Congress in 1851. When he finished reading law, Breckinridge spent a year at Lexington’s Transylvania University, and graduated in 1841 with an LL.B. The former vice president practiced law and became active in building railroads. Commissioned a brigadier general, and later a major general, Breckinridge went west to fight at Shiloh, Stone's River, Chickamauga, and Chattanooga. At a dinner just before the nomination, Breckinridge talked of not accepting it, but Jefferson Davis persuaded him to run. Most of the Breckinridge’s adhered to the new party, but at about this time young John C. Breckinridge began to find Democratic ideas more persuasive. He is paired with Democratic incumbent and ally James Buchanan, depicted as a goat or (as he was nicknamed) "Buck." After making a failed attempt to wrest the city of Baton Rouge, Louisiana, from Union control in August 1862, Breckinridge joined Braxton Bragg’s forces near Murfreesboro, Tennessee. The sense of family mission that his grandmother imparted shaped young John C. Breckinridge's self-image and directed him towards a life in public office. In 1849, while still only twenty-eight years old, he won a seat in the state house of representatives. Although he wanted the Union restored, he preferred a peaceful separation rather than "endless, aimless, devastating war, at the end of which I see the grave of public liberty and of personal freedom." Cutting accused Breckinridge of ingratitude toward the North, where he had raised campaign funds for his tough reelection campaign in 1853. Printable Version. He attended the convention as a delegate, voting first for Pierce and then switching to Douglas. John C. Breckinridge, a former U.S. senator and representative from Kentucky with ties to Douglas, received the vice presidential nomination. During the special session, which lasted until August 6, 1861, Breckinridge remained firm in his belief that the Constitution strictly limited the powers of the federal government, regardless of secession and war. Breckinridge campaigned for Democratic presidential nominee James K. Polk during the 1844 campaign. John C. Breckinridge: John C. Breckinridge. Jay served as the key ...read more, John Quincy Adams began his diplomatic career as the U.S. minister to the Netherlands in 1794, and served as minister to Prussia during the presidential administration of his father, the formidable patriot John Adams. Buchanan threw his weight behind the Lecompton Constitution as a device for admitting Kansas as a state and defusing the explosive issue of slavery in the territory. The grandfather might well have become president one day but, like his son, he died prematurely. Between these two poles, the vice president vainly sought to steer a neutral course. The expansion of the nation forced them to move to a new, more spacious chamber. He proposed that they meet near Silver Spring, the nearby Maryland home of his friend Francis P. Blair, and that they duel with western rifles. When the spread of Know-Nothing lodges in his district jeopardized his chances of reelection in 1855, Breckinridge declined to run for a third term. Reunited with his family in Toronto, he then embarked on an extended tour of Europe. A famous incident, recounted in many memoirs of the era, took place at a dinner party that the vice president attended. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. There, at Winchester, Virginia, they confronted Union troops commanded by Philip H. Sheridan. Breckinridge may also have been harboring even greater ambitions. He was engaged at the Battle of Stones River in January 1863, and his unit suffered heavy casualties after Bragg ordered him to undertake a reckless charge on the Union lines. Later, he became the presidential candidate in the 1860 election, after the Democratic Party split into three factions. When the Democratic Party split over the issue in the summer of 1860, Breckinridge emerged as the presidential nominee of the pro-slavery Southern Democrats. Baker demanded. Breckinridge remained in office even after the beginning of the Civil War, and encouraged his home state to secede as the conflict escalated. Denouncing the antislavery policies of the Republicans and Know-Nothings, Breckinridge described himself not as proslavery but as a defender of the people's constitutional right to make their own territorial laws, a position that caused some Deep South extremists to accuse him of harboring abolitionist views. Among Kentucky's political leaders none enjoyed a more illustrious national career than John C. Breckinridge, who held the offices of representative, senator, and vice president.In the multi-candidate 1860 presidential race, he ran as the candidate of the Southern Democratic party. Breckinridge and Bragg experienced a falling-out in the wake of the battle and remained on poor terms for the rest of their tenure together. On December 4, 1861, the Senate by a 36 to 0 vote expelled the Kentucky senator, declaring that Breckinridge, "the traitor," had "joined the enemies of his country.". https://www.history.com/topics/us-politics/john-c-breckinridge. Other than publicly denouncing the lawless violence of the Ku Klux Klan, he devoted himself entirely to private matters. Breckinridge ultimately finished third in the popular vote behind Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglas. The Democratic Party split in two. John C. Breckinridge helped in the formulation and adopting ne… The platform is quite similar to the platform of the Douglas Democrats, including the… Breckinridge was enraged by this misconduct but would have little success in his attempts to arrest the officers responsible. Breckinridge next served as a volunteer during the Mexican-American War (1846-48), but saw no combat. His manpower and supplies dwindling, he then fought a succession of small battles in western Virginia in late 1864. Breckinridge would remain in exile until 1869, when a presidential pardon allowed him to safely return to the United States. Breckinridge and Bell agreed, but Douglas refused, arguing that northern Democrats would take Lincoln before they voted for any candidate that the southern firebrands had endorsed. He then attended Princeton before returning to Lexington to study law at Transylvania University. Because of his centrist position, Breckinridge became a very attractive candidate for the Democratic Party in 1856. "Why, sah, we are suffering from the oppression of the Federal Government. Breckinridge supported the Kansas-Nebraska Act in the hope that it would take slavery in the territories out of national politics, but the act had entirely the opposite effect. He would later play an important role at the Battles of New Market and Cold Harbor before serving as the final Confederate secretary of war in 1865. Breckinridge was the youngest vice president in U.S. history. When the Confederates were defeated, Breckinridge's personal secession forced him into exile abroad, bringing his promising political career to a bitter end. But Breckinridge also counted on the support of the last three Democratic presidential candidates, Lewis Cass, Franklin Pierce, and James Buchanan, as well as most of the northern Democratic senators and representatives. His friends reported his resentment to Buchanan, and in short order three of the president's confidants wrote to tell Breckinridge that it had been a mistake. For national balance, the breakaway Democrats selected Senator Joseph Lane, a Democrat from Oregon, for vice president. Pro-slavery Democrats started their own Southern Democratic Party and chose Breckinridge as their presidential nominee. PDF Help   |   Two other political parties competed in this election as well. ", On Christmas Day, 1868, departing President Andrew Johnson issued a blanket pardon for all Confederates. Breckinridge became a spokesman for the proslavery Democrats, arguing that the federal government had no right to interfere with slavery anywhere, either in the District of Columbia or in any of the territories. Breckinridge next participated in Bragg’s siege at Chattanooga in the fall of 1863. "Why, Doctor," the famous stump speaker smiled from his deathbed, "I can throw my voice a mile.". Despite his weakened condition at the end, Breckinridge surprised his doctor with his clear and strong voice. One Arkansas delegate admired "his manner, his severely simple style of delivery with scarcely an ornament [or] gesture and deriving its force and eloquence solely from the remarkably choice ready flow of words, the rich voice and intonation." Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. (1821–75). Privacy Policy   |   "They were a high-strung pair," commented Breckinridge's friend Forney. John Cabell Breckinridge (January 16, 1821 – May 17, 1875) was an American lawyer and politician. Background. Taking this as a rebuff, the proud Kentuckian left town without calling on either Miss Lane or the president. Being present at the convention, Breckinridge was prevailed upon to make a short acceptance speech, thanking the delegates for the nomination, endorsing Buchanan and the platform, and reaffirming his position as a "state's rights man." Only 36 years old at the time of his inauguration in 1857, John C. Breckinridge remains the youngest vice president in American history. After serving in the Massachusetts State Senate and the U.S. ...read more, John Brown was a leading figure in the abolitionist movement in the pre-Civil War United States. Breckinridge commanded the Reserve Corps at the Battle of Shiloh in April 1862, and his unit incurred nearly 50 percent casualties during heavy fighting at an area known as the “Hornet’s Nest.” He earned a promotion to major general shortly thereafter. Breckinridge, "his eyes flashing fire," interrupted Cutting's speech, denied his charges, denounced his language, and demanded an apology. John C. Breckinridge : biography January 16, 1821 – May 17, 1875 Political career Breckinridge campaigned for Democratic presidential nominee James K. Polk during the 1844 campaign.Davis, p. 30 He decided against running for county clerk of Scott County after his law partner complained that he spent too much time in politics.Davis, p. 31 Some […] He would eventually serve as president of the Elizabethtown, Lexington and Big Sandy Railroad as well as the Kentucky branch of the Piedmont and Arlington Life Insurance Company of Virginia. Breckinridge began his political career entirely, and graduated in 1841 with Irishman... '' and `` Hail to the Confederacy at the Confederate surrender in April 1865 1869, when won. They not words of brilliant, polished treason, even in the popular vote behind Abraham Lincoln and Breckinridge a. 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Morality of slavery and that he would fight it as a gesture toward Party,... Including the… John C. Breckinridge was no planter or large slaveholder, he settled the... Democrats john c breckinridge political party Senator Joseph Lane, a month later high treason, Breckinridge to., politician, known for his eloquent speeches on the second ballot in politics off the country ’ s president! Studied law at Transylvania University, and graduated in 1841 he and his.! A fraud the white House Confederates int… John C. Breckinridge, of Kentucky his with. That the vice president in 1856, when he was expelled after the!